What Causes and How to Treat Throat Nodules and Polyps

Polyps are often developed on the vocal cords and they are not cancerous, but they can bring discomfort and symptoms that can lead to voice loss.

This condition needs to be approached with caution because it might bring other serious conditions.

Causes of Throat Polyps

There are numerous reasons behind throat polyps, including screaming and yelling (especially during a concert), GERD, hypothyroidism, cigarette smoking or vocal abuse. There are several causes that can lead to throat polyps, including:

  • Smoking
  • Allergies
  • Loud singing or speaking
  • Coaching
  • Cheerleading
  • Allergy
  • Medications reaction
  • Consuming alcohol and caffeine (because it can make your throat and vocal cords dry)
  • Tense muscles
  • Women that are between the ages of twenty and fifty tend to suffer from throat polyps and the reason is still unknown

Symptoms of throat nodules or polyps

They can be developed on one or both of the vocal cords and they can really stay there for a longer period of time if you don’t approach them the right way. They look like a swelling, a bump, a blister or a lesion.

Many people experienced different symptoms, such as:

  • Pain in the neck
  • Reduced range of the pitch
  • Issues with talking
  • Voice that is breathy or scratchy
  • Voice and body fatigue
  • Pain in the ears
  • Voice loss

Therapies for throat nodules and polyps

  • Root Causes Treatments

Your doctor can approach your condition through surgical or medical treatment in order to remove the polyps. When it is serious, your doctor might conduct a surgery in order to manually remove the polyp from the vocal cord.

Sometimes, the polyp can grow bigger than usual and a surgery is inevitable. However, a surgery is almost never used on children.

  • Voice Therapy

This is one of the most common therapies and can really help you without requiring much effort or time. Usually, the treatment will be conducted by a speech therapist and he will modify your habits. You might not be able to speak freely for several days in order to rest your voice and vocal cords.

There are numerous types of voice therapy, such as:

  • Practicing good vocal hygiene
  • Remedies to reduce stress
  • Exercises for relaxation
  • Avoid abusing your vocal cords
  • Breath support
  • Trying to adjust the loudness and the pitch of the voice
  • Medical interventions

You might even have treatments against any issues with the thyroid, GERD and allergic reactions in order to reduce the harm on the vocal cords. You might even have to go the extra mile in order to reduce or stop the smoking by administering medical intervention.

Some patients even have inhaled steroid spray as a treatment.

  • Medical surgery

Last but scariest, this treatment shocks many people. However, sometimes it is inevitable and can really help you. If there is no other way around, your polyps might be surgically removed. Also, you might even have a biopsy done in order to determine whether the polyps are created because of cancer.

The whole surgical treatment might be done through laryngoscopy where the doctor inserts a metal tube through your mouth and throat. At the end of the tube, there is a light in order to easily see the polyps.

Furthermore, the doctor will start cutting and removing the polyps with a sharp cut-shaped punch. After the surgery, you will have to get through voice therapy.

We can’t close our eyes on small conditions such as the vocal cords polyps. It is better to be safe than sorry, so, we advise you to visit your doctor as soon as you have your doubts. He can perform immediately and the danger will be reduced.