The main role of the kidneys is filtering the blood before transferring it to the other organs. If they don’t work properly, there will be some terrible symptoms.
If they fail to work, kidney stones will be formed which can be really troubling. Actually, the kidney stones are calcium crystals and usually, they are formed because of the lack of magnesium or other issues with the metabolism.
The pain can be huge especially if they somehow move. They can also break apart and the patient can eliminate them by urinating. This can be a horrible experience because the patient can feel how the kidney stone travels from the kidney down to the bladder.
There are several categories of kidney stones that women can get.
- Calcium stones
This is the category that is very common in women and the stone can be created by calcium oxalate or maleate or phosphate. To control this, you will have to reduce how much oxalate-rich food you ingest (potato chips, chocolate, peanuts or spinach.)
- Cystine stones
These kidney stones are really hard to treat and they can be developed easily at both, men and women. They are usually caused by a condition known as cystinuria.
- Struvite Stones
The main cause for this type is an infection on the urinary tract. They are really painful and hard to remove.
- Uric acid stones
They are usually developing more at men than women. The main cause is acid in the urine and usually, these kidney stones happen in patients who are getting through chemotherapy.
Symptoms of kidney stones in women
There isn’t a huge difference between the symptoms of men and women. The most common symptoms are blood in the urine and severe pain. The stones cause the pain when they move or when they break apart and start traveling through the ureters in order to be removed as a waste.
The symptoms of the movement of kidney stones are:
- Pain that intensifies with the movement. Usually, it occurs in the area of the abdomen, groin, the back or the genitals.
- Bleeding and blood in the urine.
- Some patients experience vomiting and nausea.
- Increased frequency of urinating. Because the body will try to get rid of the stones, the patient experience pain almost every time while urinating.
When can this condition become a real issue?
Well, it is not that big of a deal when the stones are small. They will get through the ureters without too many problems and around 90% of kidney stones that are smaller than 5mm will cause no problems.
However, when they are bigger, they can inflict enormous pain or even infections.
There are some rare cases where the stones get out of the kidney but get stuck into ureters, before entering the bladder. This will block the flow of the urine and it is a huge problem described with enormous pain and a big amount of blood in the urine. This rare condition can really harm the kidneys and it needs immediate medical attention. More concerns can be raised if the kidney gets infected by nephritis. The symptoms of the infections are diarrhea, dark urine with bad odor, chills and shivering because of body temperature higher than 100.5 degrees F.
How to treat kidney stones in women?
There are several remedies that can remove kidney stones but it all depends on the type. Your urine will be analyzed in order to diagnose the type and the therapy. The doctor can commit ultrasounds or similar tests and you will be advised to keep hydrated at all times in order to have a normal urine flow. You will be given treatments such as:
Your doctor will probably prescribe medications, like antibiotics. A common medication for kidney stones is Allopurinol. In order to increase the frequency of urination, you will have to consume diuretics. Other medications are bicarbonate of sodium or sodium citrate or solutions of phosphorus.
- Tunnel Surgery
This procedure is known as Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and the stones will be removed by surgery. The surgeon will make an entering from your back by making an incision and removing the stones manually. This treatment is only recommended if the stones are really large and if they can’t be removed through medications or urination.
A way to break the kidney stones by releasing ultrasonic sound waves. After that, your body will have an easier way to remove the kidney stones naturally through urination.
A very small tool that can dislodge the stones in women if they are stuck. First, the doctor will find the stone with a really small camera and they will use a tool to remove it.
How to prevent kidney stones from happening?
Well, there are numerous ways to prevent kidney stones, if of course, they are not genetically transferred from your parents. Start changing your lifestyle and practicing these remedies if you want to avoid getting kidney stones. We advise putting extra attention in this matter if you know that some of your parents experienced this condition.
- Keep your body hydrated – This is the most essential therapy for kidney stones. If you provide your body with fluids, your kidneys will do a better job of filtering the minerals and acids in your body. The recommended dosage of water per day is around 12 glasses which will lead to 2.5 liters of urine. If you exercise, you need to increase the amount.
- Avoid consuming salt or other animal proteins – These two ingredients can inflict kidney stones and it is vital to avoid them. Maybe find a diet where you can easily miss out on these two ingredients. Focus more on vegetables or fruits.
Ingest calcium – Avoid calcium supplements but eat foods that are rich in this nutrient. You probably think that avoiding calcium will reduce the risk of kidney stones because the stones are actually made from calcium. However, your body actually needs calcium in order to work properly and to remove the risk of developing kidney stones. Buy foods that are rich in calcium and consult your doctor if you want to take supplements.