The term for blood in the urine is hematuria and it is usually connected with diseases that are deadly or some conditions that are caused by taking medications, food or excessive physical activity.
There are 2 categories of hematuria, gross hematuria (blood in the urine that can be seen with the human eye) and microscopic hematuria (blood in the urine that can be only seen under a microscope or with chemical testings.)
The first step is to acknowledge the cause of blood in the urine. There are several causes that can inflict this condition and there are several ways that can help you analyze it, such as the amount, color and concentration.
Usually, this condition doesn’t follow with pain, but there are some cases where the patients complained of pain.
Common causes of Blood in Urine
- Kidney infection
This is probably the most common cause and it is known as pyelonephritis. It happens when bacteria attack the kidney through the urethra or the bloodstream.
- Urinary tract infections (UTI)
Similar to the kidney infection, this happens when bacteria attack the urinary system through the urethra. Symptoms of this condition are a painful sensation, burning feeling when urinating and flank pain. Also, this infection causes you to urinate more frequently.
- Enlarged Prostate
This is most common in adults and it can increase the pressure on the blood vessels that are around the urinary bladder and urethra. This can result in bleeding that your body gets rid of through the urine. Other symptoms of this condition are increased frequency of urinating, hematuria and urgency.
- Excessive Physical Activity
Either an injury or strenuous exercise, but this can be a real-troubling cause for hematuria. Usually, this is an often occurrence at runners and athletes who have intense training. Also, strenuous exercise can result in myoglobin breakdown which leads to bloody urine.
- Kidney Stone or Bladder infection
A kidney stone is a result of the precipitation of crystals such as minerals or pigments and usually, the main cause of it is dehydration or metabolism issues. It is common for the patient to experience pain, especially if the stones are sharp which can result in bleeding and pain when it goes through the ureter.
Blood clotting won’t work properly if it lacks platelets which are one of the most essential elements of the blood. This condition is usually resulting in bleeding and blood in the urine.
- Malignant Pathology or Cancer
In males, hematuria is sometimes caused by kidney cancer, bladder cancer or prostate cancer. Also, malignant pathologies in female genital tract can result in blood in the urine.
- Sexual Intercourse
This is rare, but it can be the main cause for hematuria. However, it shouldn’t last long and you should see positive results in a while.
- Inherited Diseases
Conditions and diseases such as the Sickle cell anemia and the Alport syndrome can cause hematuria.
- Medications and Supplements
First, you should know that anti-cancer drugs such as the Cytoxan can cause hematuria. Also, medications such as penicillin, aspirin are some of the main reasons for blood in the urine.
If you believe that your body reacts to the medications, you need to consult your doctor immediately. He can examine you by analyzing your urine, he can check you physically or commit X-Ray, CT or MRI.
How to treat blood in urine
Every cause has a different way of treating. For instance:
- Urinary tract infection can be prevented or treated with medications, such as antibiotics
- A kidney stone can be treated with an extracorporeal shock wave and analgesics
- Urinary tract blockage is usually treated by a medical surgery
- Prostatic enlargement is usually preserved with medications prescribed by a doctor or you can even start a dietary management
How to prevent hematuria from happening
You can always reduce the risk of getting terrible diseases such as hematuria. We will explain some of the remedies and hopefully, you will start practicing them in your everyday life.
- Kidney Cancer – choose a healthy diet and maintain a certain weight that works best for your body. Stop smoking and don’t drink alcohol. Last but not least, avoid being in a contact with chemicals that can harm your body
- Kidney Stone – keep your body hydrated at all time, don’t eat foods that have a high amount of protein, salt, and oxalate (foods such as tomato, spinach, and dairy products)
- Urinary Tract Infection – you need to drink a lot of fluids, preferably water. Visit the toilet and urinate every time that you have the need. Maintain a healthy hygiene and wear underwear made from cotton. Keep good hygiene and wash after sex.
All of these therapies can be essential for your body and can really help you if you suffer from hematuria. However, don’t try to approach the condition by yourself and always consult your doctor for best results.